Learning to Retell, Relate & Reflect Using Verbal & Written Responses

Our guest blogger today is Mrs. Naufal, and she’s been kind enough to share her insight with us about three important communication skills: learning to retell, learning to relate, and learning to reflect!
Some of the most important communication skills include learning to retell, relate and reflect. Build these skills in your students with these helpful tips.
“Retell, relate, and reflect” are oral and written responses that showcase various levels of communication and thinking ability.  Each step requires more experience than the previous step.  When students retell, they are able to discuss or write an original story using their own vocabulary.  When students relate to the original story, they are able to make personal connections.  Finally, being able to reflect on the meaning of the story engages students in the ability to infer what the story is about (the heart of the message) and predict any consequences or future implications as a result.

 

Students have been accustomed to retelling texts and relating texts to their own personal experiences.  I have found that when students are asked to reflect upon their experiences or responses, there is generally a pause.  I have worked diligently on building these reading strategies in my classroom.  I often begin with a graphic organizer, such as a train, to assist in retelling a story.  In order to teach retelling, it must be understood.  What is retelling and its purpose?

 

Retelling

Retelling will give you insight into a child’s comprehension process of a text.  Retelling can help you determine:

 

  • How much or what a student remembers
  • What a student considers to be important details
  • How a student sequences information
  • How a student organizes information
Some of the most important communication skills include learning to retell, relate and reflect. Build these skills in your students with these helpful tips.
This train graphic organizer assists students in retelling a story.  I have also used this retelling bookmark when conducting guided reading sessions.  It’s available as a free printable.

 

Some of the most important communication skills include learning to retell, relate and reflect. Build these skills in your students with these helpful tips.

Relating

Relating will also give you insight into a student’s comprehension process of a text.  Relating can help you determine:

 

  • How a student connects to a text
  • If a student can recall a personal experience that connects to the present text
Some of the most important communication skills include learning to retell, relate and reflect. Build these skills in your students with these helpful tips.
Here’s a sample of a relating task card based on the characters.  Students learn to relate to the text based on separate categories:  characters, setting, problem and solution, and order of events.

 

Here are some relating prompts:

 

  • This reminds me of…
  • I remember (when)…
  • This is like…
  • This sounds like…
  • This makes me think of…
  • I can identify with this…

Reflecting

Reflecting will give you insight into a text.  Reflecting can help you determine:

 

  • If a student can draw conclusions about a text
  • If a student can make future predictions or inferences
Some of the most important communication skills include learning to retell, relate and reflect. Build these skills in your students with these helpful tips.
Reflecting is often the most difficult task.  However, breaking down the elements of a story assists in the reflection process.

 

Here are some reflection prompts:

 

  • I wonder if….
  • I believe that…
  • I realize that…
  • I know that…
  • My predictions are…
  • I understand…
Retelling, relating and reflecting are all important steps in the reading process.  Better responses are created once all students have grasped these elements.

Mrs. Naufal's NookMy name is Mrs. Naufal, and I have been a classroom teacher for over 20 years.  My experience includes working with children and adults.  Working on building answers has become a goal.  I hope using these retelling, relating, and reflecting prompts will assist you in your classroom.
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